Tour de France Stage 15 Odds & Tips: Alaphilippe in the ...

Filme gratuite legate de hiking & escalada de la Banff Mountain Film Festival

Banff Mountain Film Festival Films Online for Free
List curated by Lianne Caron
RJ Ripper
(2018, 20 min)
Kids and bikes; wherever you are in the world, they go together. The chaotic streets of
Kathmandu may not seem like a typical breeding ground for world-class mountain bikers, but
then again nothing is typical about Rajesh (RJ) Magar. Since learning to ride on a beat-up
clunker, to becoming the four-time National Champion at age 21, RJ’s story is one of boundless
childhood dreaming and unstoppable determination, forged from junkyard scraps and tested
on the rugged trails of the mighty Himalaya.
https://vimeo.com/275506930
BAWLI BOOCH - Downhill Biking India
(2017, 5 min)
4Play is India’s first adventure film company. A fun short film with a catchy song that will make
you smile. Downhill Mountain Biking in Manali (India), Himalayan cultural nuances and a
catchy Bollywood song that will make your foot tap and keep your eyes glued to the screen.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PvExzRrB9Fg
Speak To Me Softly
(2019, 6 min)
Experience fear and emotion alongside climber Jenny Abegg as she ascends Moonlight
Buttress while fighting the self-criticism and doubt from that little voice we all have in the back
of our heads.
https://rockandice.com/videos/climbing/speak-to-me-softly/?cn-reloaded=1
Life of Pie | Pizza and Bikes Can Fix Anything
(2019, 11 min)
In 2002, mountain bikers and entrepreneurs Jen Zeuner and Anne Keller moved to Fruita,
Colorado, in search of cheap rent, world-class single track, and free time to ride. Over 15 years
later, the two unconventional women have helped reshape one of the state’s most
conservative towns, uniting the community through advocacy, inclusivity, and damn good
pizza.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7yg2PO07u8
Loved By All: The Story of Apa Sherpa
(2018, 14 min)
Every spring the summit of Mount Everest drews people from around the world. But in its
shadow live the Sherpa, a resilient, religious people, who, despite the riches surrounding the
highest peak on earth, are still quite poor and uneducated. A child of the Khumbu, Apa Sherpa
climbed Everest 21 times. Pulled away at the age of 12 to work as a high altitude porter, like so
many others, he would leave his family for months, risking his life on the mountain. Through
his work at the Apa Sherpa Foundation, he aims to create a different future for his people.
https://vimeo.com/270499256
Curated by Lianne Caron
Shepherdess of The Glaciers
(2016, 74 min)
A beautiful cultural film that will sweep you away to an exotic far away location. Way up in
Ladakh—at 16,500 feet, somewhere in the Gya-Miru Valley—lives a shepherdess with a flock of
250 sheep and pashmina goats on a huge deserted rock-strewn mountain. They are her only
companions, except for the troubling presence of wolves and a snow leopard; her only link
with the outside world is a little transistor...
https://vimeo.com/channels/lesfilmsdeladecouverte/147091400
Artifishal | The Fight to Save Wild Salmon
(2019, 80 min)

Artifishal is a film about people, rivers, and the fight for the future of wild fish and the
environment that supports them. It explores wild salmon’s slide toward extinction, threats
posed by fish hatcheries and fish farms, and our continued loss of faith in nature.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XdNJ0JAwT7I
The Last Honey Hunter
(2017, 36 min)
In the steep mountain jungles of Nepal’s Hongu river valley, members of the isolated Kulung
culture have risked their lives for generations scaling dangerous cliffs to collect wild and
toxic honey. Deep and dark, the film glides through a misty world of forest spirits, dreams,
and woodsmoke to share the story of the leader of the harvest and his final journey.
https://vimeo.com/201695311
The Frozen Road
(2018, 25 min)
Self-shot and edited whilst cycling around the world, this short film charts my winter journey
into the Canadian Arctic as I completed my bike ride up the American continent. Compelled by
Jack London’s assertion, that ‘any man who is a man can travel alone’, I sought an adventure of
perfect solitude. Yet, as I came to realise, the harsh truths of travelling in such a formidable
environment were a long way from the romantic images I’d held of this land. The Frozen Road
is an honest reflection on my solo trip; of the wonder, terror and frustration I experienced when
riding through the unforgiving emptiness of one of the world's 'last great wildernesses'.
https://vimeo.com/252863313
Blood Road
(2017, 92 min)
Rebecca Rusch’s search for connection. In this award-winning film, Rebecca Rusche cycles
1,930km along the Ho Chi Minh Trail through the jungles of Vietnam. The goal is to reach the
site where her father, a US Air Force pilot, was shot down in Laos more than 40 years ago.
https://www.redbull.com/int-en/films/blood-road
Curated by Lianne Caron
Billder
(2018, 6 min)
Bill McLane is a trail builder. What started as a hobby between forest firefighting seasons
became a career which has helped shape the mountain bike scene on Vancouver Island. Billder
takes a closer look at the craft and dedication behind the trails we sometimes take for granted.
It shows that when people pursue their passion, we're all better for it
https://vimeo.com/378218839
Up To Speed
(2018, 20 min)
Some climbers perceive speed climbing as a fringe activity, but its inclusion in the 2020
Olympics means it’s now being taken seriously. Film-maker Zachary Barr takes an in-depth
look into the sport.
https://www.redbull.com/int-en/episodes/up-to-speed-reel-rock-s05-e01
Okpilik - Inuit Nunangat Taimaannganit
(2019, 4 min)
Mary Kudlak talks about fishing in Okpilik lake near Ulukhaktok as part of the Inuit
Nunangat Taimannganit video project.
https://www.itk.ca/inuit-nunangat-taimannganit/video_archive/okpilik/
Dark Peak Fell Runners
(2019, 17 min)
The Dark Peak Fell Runners base themselves in Sheffield, but their playground is the Peak
District National Park where they weave tracks through the fields, peat bogs and rocky
outcrops to create a tapestry of eccentricity, endeavour and endurance.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QwTp28jbTP8

Chasing a Trace
(2019, 21 min)
This is a love story between a badass woman scientist and one of the most elusive wild
animals on earth set in the snowy high mountains of Western Canada.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yQN16cJ4mLk
Climb Your Dreams
(2019, 2 min)
The rush of life in the city inspires a dream for an escape. The nature of reality is questioned
by the contrast of what we do for a living.
https://vimeo.com/362028659
Curated by Lianne Caron
Full Moon
(2019, 6 min)
Closing lifts and the setting sun mark the end of the action for most skiers. But not for Max
Kronech and Jochen Mesle. While ski towns fall asleep they head into the mountains to
see them in a new light.
https://vimeo.com/362028659
Good Morning
(2018, 4 min)
Every day, skier Richard Permin falls into his mundane morning routine. Right after getting out
of bed, he clicks on his skis and rides down the snow covered rooftops of Avoriaz.
https://vimeo.com/305915054
The Imaginary Line
(2019, 10 min)
In an act of political solidarity, a team from Mexico and the U.S.A assemble with the sole
purpose of establishing a slackline that crosses the border between them. In a world that is
constantly tearing us apart, they come together to cross an imaginary line and tell a
different story.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dkG7koiNiq4
Age of Ondra
(2018, 47 min)
On the heels of a historic 5.15d ascent, we follow climber Adam Ondra from his home in the
Czech Republic, across Europe to North America, as he innovates new training methods,
establishes upper echelon first ascents, and attempts to be the first person to send 5.15 on
the first try.
Part one: https://www.redbull.com/int-en/episodes/age-of-ondra-part-1-reel-rock-s5-e2
Part two: https://www.redbull.com/int-en/episodes/age-of-ondra-part-2-reel-rock-s5-e3
Part three: https://www.redbull.com/int-en/episodes/age-of-ondra-part-3
Thabang
(2019, 13 min)
Thabang Madiba somehow found his way into the world of trail running and in the last few
years has become everyone’s favourite in the South African trail scene.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F0NR4Qqje4A
The Redstone Pack
(2018, 5 min)
What began as an impromptu leap into the world of dog sledding, Aaron Natoniewski’s
methodical approach to the sport and understanding of his dogs has inspired a team of
sled hounds unlike any other.
https://vimeo.com/293860988
Curated by Lianne Caron

We Are Abel
(2018, 8 min)
We Are Abel features the story of a Gwich’in father who is standing against reckless plans
to industrialize the Arctic Refuge and not only fight for his culture’s existence, but also for
his son’s ability to know that culture fully.
https://vimeo.com/341401643
The River’s Call
(2019, 8 min)
The River’s Call follows seven kayakers through the deep canyons and challenging whitewater
of the Rio Apurimac the farthest source of the Amazon in the heart of the Andes.
https://vimeo.com/325319778
The Ladakh Project
(2019, 13 min)
Seven days, three rivers, one woman. This is the story of Nouria Newman’s solo kayak
adventure in the Indian Himalaya.
https://www.redbull.com/int-en/ladakh-project-nouria-newman-kayaks-india-rivers-interactive-s
t ory
The Flip
(2019, 3 min)
French skydiver Remi Angeli must face his fears in order to explore new expressions of
movement while BASE jumping in Mexico. On the other side of his fear he discovers life in
its purest form.
https://vimeo.com/390490875
Kai Jones - Far Out
(2018, 6 min)
Eleven-year-old Kai Jones isn’t old enough to go to the movies alone or order a sandwich at the
pub, but in the mountains age doesn’t matter. He is following in his family’s ski tracks...right
into backflips and tricks off of cliffs.
https://www.tetongravity.com/video/ski/11-year-old-skis-jackson-holes-gnarliest-terrain
Every Mystery I’ve Lived
(2019, 24 min)
At the end of 2017, rookie slopestyle MTB rider Emil Johansson was on top of the world. In his
first full season, he was crowned FMB World Tour champion as a teenager only for his world
to crumble around him with a mystery illness.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnicW-F52n4
Eclipse
(2015, 32 min)
Photographer Reuben Krabbe is someone captivated by the solar eclipse, and so in March 2015
he set out to take a photo of a skier during this infrequent occurrence in the northern
Curated by Lianne Caron
archipelago of Svalbard, Norway. The story of this demanding expedition was documented by
Salomon in partnership with Switchback Entertainment and won Best Film: Snow Sports at the
Banff Mountain Film Festival.
http://tv.salomon.com/story/eclipse#overlay
Charge
(2019, 5 min)
Four top freeskiers and a world champion drone pilot are dropped at Chatter Creek, BC for
one week. Their instructions: charge as hard as you can every day.
http://tv.salomon.com/story/charge#overlay

Liv Along the Way
(2018, 23 min)
Since she first summited Mont Blanc as a teen, Liv Sansoz knew she would make her life in the
mountains. She was twice crowned World Champion in sport climbing, and eventually
expanded her professional horizons to mixed climbing, ski mountaineering, and base jumping.
In 2017, at 40 years old, Liv set out from her base in Chamonix, France to attempt to climb all
82 4000m peaks in the European Alps in a single year. As she’s learned several times
throughout her life, things don’t always go as planned.
http://tv.salomon.com/channel/hiking-mountaineering#overlay/livalongtheway
Frozen Mind
(2018, 33 min)
Together with his old friend Pierre Hourticq, snowboarder Victor de le Rue tries to write a new
story in the iconic mountains near Chamonix. Frozen Mind is not just a freeride film, it is a
story of friendship and a journey of discovery as the two men take unique paths in order to
conquer the same objectives.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axNnKy-jfWw
The 7 Stages of Blank
(2019, 42 min)
Blank Collective films takes you on a journey through The 7 Stages of Blank, a lighthearted
look into the bond that develops around the sport of skiing.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bSK-f5ES0i4
Circle of the Sun
(2019, 5 min)
Steep mountains, the ocean, the sun, and the aurora borealis. One rotation of the sun high in
the Arctic on skis equals one day of magic.
https://vimeo.com/344890300
Curated by Lianne Caron
Safe Haven
(2018, 8 min)
Founded on the belief that everyone is welcome, Memphis Rox opened a climbing gym to be
at the center of the city's revitalization. Watch and if you are interested to learn more about
Memphis Rox.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uYjVzoxIkdI
Camel Finds Water
(2019, 8 min)
Trevor found the hull of an abandoned fishing boat in a field. He brought it home and built it
back to a sea-worthy state over the course of a summer. Then, he took it on its maiden voyage
to British Columbia in search of waves.
https://vimeo.com/328771728
This Land
(2019, 10 min)
Runner and advocate Faith E. Briggs used to run through the streets of Brooklyn every morning.
Now, she’s running 150 miles through three U.S. National Monuments that lay in the thick of the
controversy around public lands.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X3dxCJK5BaQ&list=RDCMUC4qZJvaF8JKHFJzC_6lXWbg
& start_radio=1&t=5
Beneath the Ice
(2019, 16 min)
Canadian Will Gadd uses his unparalleled ice climbing skills and knowledge to lead a
scientific exploration into uncharted territory inside of the Greenland ice sheet.
https://www.redbull.com/ca-en/films/beneath-the-ice

Aziza
(2018, 6 min)
Set in the streets of Bou Tharar and the wide, craggy valleys of the lower Atlas mountains,
Aziza is the story of a young woman who has thrived in the world of ultra-running and how she
has become a role model for other up-and-coming athletes in Morocco.
https://vimeo.com/286846186
Standing Man
(2019, 13 min)
Cyclist Payson McElveen attempts to break the current fastest known time on the grueling
160 km White Rim Road in Canyonlands National Park.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=La8-Qqio0rU
Curated by Lianne Caron
Eli
(2019, 5 min)
As a rancher growing up in the rugged northeast corner of the Navajo Nation with no electricity
or running water, Eli Neztsosie learned through years of work what it meant to rely on
discipline and endurance. Now he relies on these same skills, running long distances— striving
every day, in his words, to be better than he was the day before.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l16tuTE99vA
A Nordic Skater
(2018, 5 min)
A Nordic Skater is the very first film about this little known sport. It features Per Sollerman, a
photographer who has been skating on frozen lakes and fjords for the past 10 years. During 6
captivating minutes, the viewer is transported to the region of Oslo to have a peek at a story of
a man who uses every sense he has to travel on thin ice.
https://vimeo.com/297673643
Out on a Limb
(2019, 21 min)
Engineer Kai Lin teams up with climber Craig DeMartino to design a badass prosthetic foot,
which if they succeed won’t just level the playing field, but will dish up, if not superpowers, then
a real sense of empowerment, which is almost the same thing.
https://mojagear.com/videos/2019/08/16/limb-prosthetic-climbing-craig-demartino/
Spirit
(2019, 20 min)
An intimate story of longing and belonging in India’s sacred mountains. Spirit explores what
it takes to make a home in a remote community in the thralls of change.
https://vimeo.com/369505425
Solstice
(2019, 4 min)
A skier’s tribute to the shortest day of the year when the sun arcs low over the horizon and
the ice crystals linger in the air. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTPovRc6OoM
Narics
(2019, 19 min)
In the midst of Kosovo, an area that’s been haunted by war and ethical conflicts, Elias Elhardt
discovers the small ski resort Brezovica.Snowboard enthusiast Hamdi is one of the locals
that now wants to breathe new life into this special place. He guides Elias through this
forgotten world and reflects on the question, how a future can be built if the past still weighs
so heavily.
https://vimeo.com/383514704
Curated by Lianne Caron

Valley of the Moon
(2018, 21 min)
Valley of the Moon explores the importance of climbing as a way to cross cultural barriers,
build friendship and chase adventure in one of the most breathtaking regions of the earth.
https://vimeo.com/299057800
The Legend of Rafael
(2019, 7 min)
A beautiful story about the power of two wheels and a community built through bicycling. After
a devastating breakup, Rafael finds solitude and restoration on the open road, pedaling his way
to emotional health from Mexico City to northern Colorado. With just $500 to his name, he
spearheads a revolution to help the underprivileged members of his new neighborhood the best
way he knows how—repairing their bicycles. https://vimeo.com/333580941
Over Time - Sammy C
(2019, 7 min)
Filmed purley in the heart of the BC backcountry, Over Time - Sammy C features the best
shots from a full winter with pro skier Sammy Carlson.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KVXJ2E41_xE
Wallmapu
(2018, 6 min)
The Pehuenche people of present-day Chile speak Mapudungun: ‘the language of the land.’
This land, their universe, is known as Wallmapu. Two skiers enter, into a breathtaking creation
of ancient Araucaria trees, looming volcanoes, and windblown snow.
https://vimeo.com/306295979
Chasing the Sublime
(2018, 6 min)
Why do we put ourselves into the path of discomfort and risk? What drives us to get too cold
and too tired, to battle with fear, in the name of adventure? Follow the originators of The
Outdoor Swimming Society, ‘swim twins’ Kate Rew and Kari Furre, in this hauntingly beautiful
glimpse at the physicality of UK cold water swimming, as two friends set out to chase the
sublime. https://vimeo.com/292071219
The Running Pastor
(2019, 8 min)
Sverri is a local Pastor and avid runner who uses his time on the trails to work through not
only his own personal conflicts, but the conflicts of others he often is burdened with.
https://vimeo.com/340472874
Curated by Lianne Caron
BMX Nigeria
(2019, 13 min)
BMX street is one of the most frequently evolving sports in the world and, in Nigeria, a group
of local riders are reinventing riding at a grassroots level.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UDZpsjtfYuY
The Shepherdess
(2018, 6 min)
A brutal drought is gripping the Southwest and the Navajo reservation especially hard,
threatening traditional shepherds and a way of life going back generations.
https://www.katiefalkenberg.com/#/shepherdess/
Silence
(2018, 18 min)
What does it take to climb the world’s first 9c? Let’s find out in Silence, a movie by Bernardo
Giménez. It shows what preceded the afternoon of September 3, 2017 when Adam Ondra, a
professional rock climber and currently one of the best climbers in the world, made a little piece

of climbing history when he climbed his project in the spectacular Hanshelleren Cave in
Norway. The route, later named Silence, received a new grade of 9c and became the hardest
route in the world.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZRTNHDd0gL8
Ice & Palms
(2018, 32 min)
The documentary follows skiers Jochen Mesle and Max Kroneck on their most ambitious
ski tour yet. A 100% self powered adventure from southern Germany all the way to the
mediterranean sea.
https://vimeo.com/319200353
Sacred Strides
(2018, 12 min)
Bears Ears National Monument is a public land under threat. In 2018, a group of Native
American tribes put their differences aside and ran 1280 km to Bears Ears to send a message
of unity.
https://vimeo.com/283490560
Hourya
(2018, 10 min)
Fly Above the ancient sands of the Moroccan coastline. Let your spirit soar with lightness
and the feeling of Hourya.
https://vimeo.com/289029793
Curated by Lianne Caron
FAST HORSE
(2018, 14 min)
FAST HORSE follows the return of the Blackfoot bareback horse racing tradition in a new form:
the Indian Relay. Siksika horseman Allison Red Crow struggles to build a team with
second-hand horses and a new jockey, Cody Big Tobacco, to take on the best riders in the
Blackfoot Confederacy at the Calgary Stampede.
https://vimeo.com/358170802
The Moment
(2017, 74 min)
In the backwoods of British Columbia, three small but dedicated crews of adventure
seekers were quietly changing the course of a sport and carving their paths in history. The
Moment captures the birth and success of the original freeride mountain bike movement.
https://www.redbull.com/int-en/films/the-moment
For the Love of Mary
(2018, 6 min)
When 97-year-old runner George Etzweiler dons his lucky ancient green running shorts, he’s
not just running to the summit of Mt Washington, he carries something special with him: the
memory of his late wife of 68 years.
https://vimeo.com/273611679
Break on Through
(2017, 26 min)
Margo Hayes, a little-known 19 year old from Boulder Colorado, has moved to Europe to train
and climb with the goal of succeeding on two of the most iconic 5.15s in France and Spain. But
by pushing her body and mind to the absolute limit, she risks injury and failure in her quest to
be the first.
https://www.redbull.com/int-en/episodes/break-on-through-reel-rock-s04-e01
Life of Glide
(2017, 16 min)
Big Mountain rider Jeremy Jones dissects his lifelong passion for the simple sacred feeling

he calls “The Glide.”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=edYSL913rHI
Brothers of Climbing
(2017, 7 min)
How can you be what you can’t see? Mikhail Martin, co-founder of Brothers of Climbing said, “I
literally typed, ‘Are there black climbers?’ in Google ... someone said, ‘black people don’t
climb.'”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LWq5s-s4pY
Curated by Lianne Caron
Ride of the Dead
(2017, 12 min)
Enter into the world of Oaxacan mountain bike culture during Mexico’s famous annual
celebration known as Dia De Los Muertos.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BLXR86vHUNU
Holocene
(2018, 12 min)
Join two riders from Japan as they dive into the cultural history of the dolomites clattering
up Via Ferratas and shredding down couloirs along the way.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n8Yqf9Mn_ZY
Beautiful Idiot
(2018, 15 min)
Beautiful Idiot takes you on a ride through the mindset and motivations of those who feel
driven to pursue greatness, how it can feel to fall short, and the consequences of reaching a
lofty goal when the struggle to get there has defined you for so long. Featuring professional
freeride mountain bike rider Brett Rheeder.
https://vimeo.com/282402702
Perspectives | India
(2018, 5 min)
Professional mountain bike athlete and artist Micayla Gatto adventures to the Indian
Himalayas to experience the culture with her unique artistic perception.
https://freehubmag.com/videos/perspectives-india
Inside the Indus - A Pakistani Odyssey
(2017, 27 min)
An international team of kayakers heads to Pakistan to attempt a descent of the fabled Rondu
Gorge, on the Indus river. Hidden behind a wall of political and security factors meant it had
been eight years since the last expedition had ventured into the gorge.
https://www.facebook.com/twelveproductions/videos/inside-the-indus-a-pakistani-odyssey/22
4 8154562075004/
Skier Vs Drone
(2018, 4 min)
2018 Olympic Bronze Medalist skier racer, Victor Muffat-Jeandet, faces off against 2x World
Drone Racing Champion, Jordan Temkin, in a dual GS race to see who is the fastest down
the mountain.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wn_Fx2MwCB0
Curated by Lianne Caron
The Faction Collective Presents: La Grave
(2018, 17 min)
Sam Anthamatten and Johnny Collinson travel to La Grave to push the limits of steep skiing
and discover what makes La Grave so unique - a mythic freeride location where time stops.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QkinG08IoKk

Children of the Columbia: A Skier’s Odyssey
(2018, 20 min)
A cultural ski journey up the historically-charged waters of the Columbia River in interior
British Columbia.
https://vimeo.com/330851467
The Sky Piercer
(2018, 44 min)
Snow athletes Sam Smoothy, Xavier De Le Rue, Nadine Wallner and Fraser McDougall take
on the challenge of skiing down New Zealand’s highest mountain, the notorious Mount Cook
(Aoraki). Will extreme weather and icy conditions defeat them?
https://www.redbull.com/int-en/films/the-sky-piercer-2019-23-10
The Lorax Project
(2018, 35 min)
Six friends embark on a determined quest to climb and then BASE jump ‘The Lorax’, a
formidable climb in remote western Tasmania. Surrounded by some of the most pristine
wilderness in all of Australia, they contend with extreme weather and rugged terrain, relying on
each other’s skills and a bit of humour to reach their goal. https://vimeo.com/310331133
Escape
(2018, 8 min)
JaBig, a Montreal-based DJ, buys a bike on a whim and decides to attempt to beat the record
for the longest continuous bike ride in a single country. What’s more, he’ll ride a single-speed,
fixed-gear bicycle and finish in the winter, approaching the Arctic Ocean by way of Canada’s
northernmost continental hamlet, Tuktoyaktuk in the Northwest Territories.
https://www.mec.ca/en/explore/mec-documentary-escape
Facing Sunrise
(2017, 8 min)
While dealing with one of the darkest times of her life, processing family trauma and recovering
from injury, Azzah overhears a conversation around the question, “what do you want to do
before you die?” Inspired and energized, she rushes home and begins her bucket list. Although
she has never seen herself as much of an adventurer, she realizes she’s capable of more than
she ever imagined.
https://www.mec.ca/en/explore/facing-sunrise
Curated by Lianne Caron
Ascending Afghanistan *warning graphic content
(2016, 44 min)
Follow the first female Afghan mountaineering team as they navigate their first expedition and
fight for recognition as athletes amongst their country, culture, and families.
https://video.vice.com/en_us/video/vice-impact-ascending-afghanistan-rising-women/587674b
f f0d3f0d206a3cec6?latest=1
Brotherhood of Skiing
(2018, 10 min)
Since 1973, the National Brotherhood of Skiers has overcome barriers by bringing soul,
smiles and a party to the mountain.
https://vimeo.com/318824416
How to Run 100 Miles
(2018, 28 min)
The odds were stacked against Jayson Sime early in life: poverty, homelessness, dyslexia,
bullying. But he learned to fight. In 2017, he entered his first 100-mile mountain
ultramarathon, betting on his lifelong resilience to carry him to the finish line.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iC7Lh4opLsc

Blue Heart
(2018, 44 min)
The Balkan Peninsula is home to the last wild rivers in Europe. However, a deluge of more
than 3,000 proposed hydropower developments threaten to destroy the culture and ecology of
this forgotten region. Blue Heart, now in its first digital release, documents the battle for the
largest undammed river in Europe, Albania’s Vjosa, the effort to save the endangered Balkan
lynx in Macedonia, and the women of Kruščica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, who are
spearheading a months-long, 24/7 protest to protect their community’s only source of
drinking water.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OhmHByZ0Xd8
Carving Landscapes
(2018, 6 min)
Through the inspiring legacy of Mary Vaux we will venture onto the Illecillewaet
Glacier, reenacting her research and her mountain travel in the restriction of Victorian
dresses. https://vimeo.com/299359466
The Passage
(2018, 25 min)
In 1974, my 20-year-old parents and uncle Andy built their own canoes, launched them into the
Pacific, and became some of the first people in modern history to canoe from Washington to
Alaska up the Inside Passage. My brother and I grew up paddling those wooden canoes in the
Virginia rivers and the 1974 adventure became a legend in our family - shaping who we’ve
become, how we view our parents, and how our parents view themselves. In the summer of
Curated by Lianne Caron
2017, we renovated those canoes and with our aging parents completed their 1974 journey. The
Passage is a story about growing up, growing old, and the wild places that define us.
https://vimeo.com/272632802
Grizzly Country
(2018, 12 min)
After serving in the Vietnam War, author and eco-warrior Doug Peacock spent years alone in the
Wyoming and Montana wilderness observing grizzly bears. This time in the wild changed the
course of his life. With the protection of Yellowstone grizzlies now under threat, Peacock
reflects on the importance of habitat and why he continues to fight for wild causes.
https://vimeo.com/300829054
The Botanist
(2016, 20 min)
After the fall of the Soviet Union, Tajikistan, a former Soviet Socialist Republic, plunged into a
devastating civil war. A famine struck the mountainous region of the Pamir where Raïmberdi,
a passionate and ingenious botanist, built his own hydroelectric station to help his family
survive through the crisis.
https://vimeo.com/267165412
Surviving the Outback
(2018, 57 min)
Could you survive alone across hundreds of kilometers of remote outback for a whole
month, trekking and sailing on a makeshift raft, with nothing but a time capsule of antique
stuff from 1932? Mike wasn’t sure he could pull it off either!
https://tubitv.com/movies/497254/surviving_the_outback
The Mirnavator
(2017, 11 min)
Ultra-runners overcome obstacles on every trail. In this film, Force of Nature Mirna
Valerio overcomes the negative voices that don’t believe she belongs in the sport.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c5-CSQcYeXk
Ski Photographer

(2018, 9 min)
Drawn to the mountains in search of the ski bum lifestyle, Oskar Enander had no intention of
ever becoming a photographer. Is his affinity for cold stark places driven by his color
blindness? Or is it place that has formed his aesthetic?
https://vimeo.com/300544856
Curated by Lianne Caron
My Mom Vala
(2017, 10 min)
Life has a way of putting us where we need to be. For Vala, that’s in both Greenland – where
she works at her family’s fishing lodge – and Reykjavík, where she teaches her daughter how to
do it all on her own, too.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ERjQ7hcVxus
AMO
(2017, 7 min)
Amo; in the native Rapa Nui Language means, to carry on ones shoulders. Easter Island is a
place known the world across in myth and legend, but the people who call it home and the
unique culture that they embody is often overlooked as the most valuable piece of the islands
estranged story. In this short film, Heu Rapa Haoa, native born Rapa Nui and one of 800
remaining people left in the world who speak his native tongue fluently, tells his story of the
island, the stone heads that brought Easter Island renowned, and in what he sees for his future
and in that the future of his people the culture that defines them.
https://vimeo.com/254442752
Surface
(2018, 7 min)
In a photographic niche defined by familiar angles, Ben Thouard is driven by his desire to
create something original in surf photography.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PeONe9teVWw
The Frenchy
(2018, 14 min)
Jacques is an 82-year-old badass athlete, but the real story is how he inspires us with his
contagious love of life, epic tales of survival and his ability to counter aging through
laughter.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dhfipv8LXRg
Dreamride 3
(2018, 6 min)
Inspired by a Dr. Seuss narrative, this mountain bike film is sure to take you places like no
other. https://vimeo.com/266377015
Treeline
(2018, 40 min)
Through a cinematic exploration of three extraordinary tree communities, Treeline brings forests
alive on screen, illuminating the reciprocal bond between humanity and nature - a relationship
we can’t survive without - and asks what responsibility we have to protect the exceptional
forests that remain.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YCEaYInJbos
Curated by Lianne Caron
The Wolf Pack
(2018, 12 min)
The Braford-Lefebrve family lives to run and runs to live. Without cell phones or any
modern worry, the wolf pack roams the mountains around Silverton CO.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I83E6jSHBs4

Danny Macaskill: Danny Daycare
(2019, 4 min)
In his latest film Danny Macaskill takes on some child care the only way he knows how... by
taking them for a wee bike ride around Scotland!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jj0CmnxuTaQ#action=share
Electric Greg
(2019, 20 min)
Record-breaking mountain endurance athlete Greg Hill has never shied away from a goal.
Through his time spent in the mountains, he's seen the effects of climate change first-hand and
came to realize the way he was approaching the mountains was only making the problem
worse. Two years ago he changed his approach and set out to climb 100 peaks without burning
any fossil fuels. But the question is: will it make a difference?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lTL5l4CcBdE&feature=youtu.be
Defiance
(2019, 13 min)
The path of progression is paved with acts of defiance. Leanne Pelosi, Jake Blauvelt, and
Victor de Le Rue take the stage in British Columbia in a showcase of shred.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hUN-2fAgp0A&feature=youtu.be
Par For The Course
(2019, 4 min)
Mirna Valerio takes on her first ever sky race at the 4th annual Broken Arrow Sky Race. Mirna
navigated the rocky, exposed ridge lines, steep climbs and snow filled descents of Squaw
Valley with an attitude unlike any other.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=13kb8geCNNc&feature=youtu.be
The Motivator
(2018, 4 min)
Filmmaker Aaron Hitchins turns his camera on the person who has motivated him to lead a life
connected to the outdoors: his mother, Maureen. He wishes he were half as active as she is,
and her commitment to rediscovering herself is inspirational.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xpLt8ThtOFc&feature=youtu.be
submitted by gafitescu to RoHiking [link] [comments]

[SPOILERS] The World of the Early Medieval Period and What to Expect from an AC Vikings Game

Since news broke about the next Assassin’s Creed title setting being within the Viking Era, I’ve seen hundreds of comments and questions pertaining to the early medieval setting. Today I want to break down a lot of information in regards to the era and how that can pertain to AC in terms of story, gameplay, and lore. To help make things simple, I’ll leave a map I made here to help show where everything is.
https://i.imgur.com/EfITZcF.jpg
DISCLAIMER - If I got anything major wrong, please let me know so I can correct it. I’ve spent hours searching through various online resources to make this as accurate as I can overall, though there is some speculation based on lack of resources and called out as what I think Ubisoft might do in cases of discrepancies. I did try to keep everything easy to understand even when diving deep into some subjects, so please let me know if you feel something was misrepresented from this. I also do have some inconsistencies with spellings. Many early records did not have standardized spellings, and Old Norse is a pain, so I keep things anglicized for the most part on purpose. For the sake of this, I do group several smaller germanic and slavic kingdoms such as Bohemia, Moravia, and Poland in with the Frankish empire due to the Frankish Influence in society, religion, and architecture. This was purely for ease of listing.
This post was actually written in a google document and is 40 pages long. I understand reddit can be harsh for reading such a long post, so you can read it here.

Second Disclaimer: This was WAY bigger than I thought. So I've split this into 5 distinct sections for ease of access.
  1. FAQ and The World of the Early Medieval Period - Current Section
  2. The People of the Early Medieval Period
  3. The Politics of the Early Medieval Period
  4. The Warfare in the Early Medieval Period
  5. The History of Vikings and What I expect from an AC Viking Game

Frequently Asked Questions
Q. When is the Viking Age?
The Viking Age takes place from 793ce with the Raid on Lindisfarne, England to 1066ce with the Norman Invasion of England and expulsion of the Vikings
Q. When will the game be set within this era?
We currently can only speculate, but two settings in a Ubisoft Poll from a few years ago were during the Viking Era. The Invasion of England by the Great Heathen Army (865ce) and the Norman Invasion by William the Conqueror (1066ce). I’ll discuss more in depth below.
Q. Where will the viking game take place?
Based on polls from Ubisoft that included the viking settings of the Great Heathen Army and Norman Invasion, England is a relatively safe bet. It is also likely that at least some of Scandinavia will be available as well. From the map above, I believe the best guess would be the island of Britain (modern England, Wales, and Scotland), Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. I will be discussing all of Northern Europe that’s shown in the map, though.
Q. Why codename it Kingdom in the viking era, and what will the actual name be?
The codename Kingdom could be in reference to a number of things that could be present in the game. The vikings had several major kingdoms throughout the Age, the largest of which was the North Sea Empire ruled by Cnut the Great. It could also be in reference to the English Kingdoms that players may invade; or even a gameplay mechanic to making your “kingdom” stronger. While the official name has not been revealed, it’s widely speculated to be called “Ragnarok” as a reference to the end times in Norse mythology, due to the connection to Origins, popularity in media, and name being used in several unconfirmed and fake rumors plus a potential concept art leak from 2018.
Q. What evidence is there for the game?
While Kingdom has not been confirmed by Ubisoft, it was leaked by Jason Schreier, who has a perfect track record with AC leaks. It was followed up by a leak by french website xboxygen that many consider to be legitimate due to accuracy on Watch Dogs Legion leaks. We also have concept art from an artist at Ubisoft that was supposedly fan work for their portfolio, but named “michele-nucera-assassincreedragnarok-bay-09.jpg”. The naming convention and timing has many fans speculating heavily. This of course matches with at least one fake leak and several small 4chan rumors that have stated the next game will be named “Ragnarok” and follow Ragnar Lothbrok and his sons great army.
https://kotaku.com/odd-tease-in-the-division-2-spills-the-beans-on-the-nex-1833838193
http://www.xboxygen.com/News/29092-Assassin-s-Creed-chez-les-Vikings-nos-informations
https://gamerant.com/assassins-creed-ragnarok-ubisoft-concept-art/
Q. Will we play as assassins again with hidden blades?
Nothing is officially confirmed yet, but it is unlikely to be full assassins fighting Templars again. The term assassin did not exist until the crusades as a term used to describe the followers of Hassan Ibn Sabbah, who wasn’t born until about 1050ce. With the viking era ending in 1066, it’s unlikely his influence had been amassed and the Hidden Ones were rebranded within AC lore. Templars were in a similar state, with the Templar orders not existing until the early 12th century. Rather than playing as either a Hidden One and fighting the Order of Ancients, we may also play as a viking mercenary popular towards the end of the era called Jomsvikings to further capitalize on Odyssy’s success. I’ll discuss them more later.The hidden blade is a bit more likely though, with it having been invented around 460bce and popularized in 44bce.


The World
Vikings raided and pillaged most of Europe during their voyages, reaching from the Baltic States and Kievan Rus as far south as North Africa, Italy, and even vandalizing Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. I will, however, be focusing on Northern Europe for this discussion, breaking down regions to discuss their land, cities, and architecture. This map of viking trade routes may also be helpful though it isn’t 100% accurate.
Europe is filled with rivers and marshlands as seen here, which was easy for vikings to maneuver due to their longships. As a result, I do think we might see a few rivers enlarged in Kingdom/Ragnarok in order to make ship travel mildly easier and more conducive to gameplay, much like Rogue did.
England, being the most likely to appear, seems to be the best place to start off. England is the largest of the countries in Britain, with the map previously shared it taking up Wessex, Danelaw, Mercia, and Northumbria. I’ll be discussing the changes of those Kingdoms later. England is a largely low lying country, with the largest mountain range, Pennine Mountains, in Northern England. Much of southern England, however, are forests and rolling hills in the center of the country, with much of the outskirts being thick marshes that viking longships could navigate through.A good map of Mountains can be seen here:
Map of swamps here:
I have seen maps of wetlands from the Uk that indicate that there used to be wetlands in the Pennine Mountains, but it seems to be fairly speculative.
Wessex was the southernmost kingdom, and under Alfred the Great underwent a large change to fortify many of its towns or burhs. Stone was hard to quarry and come by at the time, with most of it being taken from Roman fortifications and used in defensive perimeters and churches. This did make abandoned roman forts a popular place to start burhs though. We see largely wooden fences with a trench in front surrounding many towns to help defend from vikings. Inside are mostly 1 story houses separated by a few fairly wide streets. A church was oftentimes a centerpiece of the city, and it wasn’t uncommon to have some farms within the walls itself along with the outside. While burhs like this were more numerous, they likely won’t be the focal points for our adventure in the next AC, instead looking at larger cities instead. They may appear as forms of PoI though or tied to a settlement system. Those closer to Roman ruins were sometimes repurposed to include the first Motte and Bailey castles (more on them in a few moments).
Our bigger cities will likely include Winchester, Canterbury, London, Chester, Bristol, and York. York was by far the largest city with about 15,000 people in its walls by the time the Great Heathen Army landed, with the other cities having 5,000 or fewer. These cities, however, unlike the other burhs had large Roman walls around them already. This did mean that the city size was restricted though, and rather than rebuild walls, the people began building up.
Following the collapse of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the Dark Ages the early medieval peoples lost the knowledge on how to build out of stone well, and quarry for more stone, making it a very valuable commodity. As I mentioned, this meant many burhs and towns were built on top of Roman forts, stripping them for stone to build churches and walls. The rest of the buildings had to deal with cheaper architecture. The most notable of which is wattle and daub. This is thin branches are weaved together and placed into upright slats and then have a thick mud caked on and hardened. This was the most common form of architecture in the early medieval period due to how cheap it was. Timber was still expensive, and despite using cheaper woods to create floors (these often had be elevated slightly on stakes in order to help slow rot, but had to be replaced regularly), was fairly expensive. Timber frames still had to be used though to help keep the shape of the building. Not common early on, at some point around the Viking Era in Britain, we begin to see diagonal bracing added to help keep houses steady.
In the older Roman Cities, many of the roman buildings and forts were stripped early on. London didn’t have any of the original Roman houses left by 1000ce, and by 1100ce had stripped the fort itself leaving only the walls behind. This stone was largely used to create stable foundations for buildings, including along the forming of Thames Street and eventually London Bridge. This also meant that combined with improved timber framing, people could start building upwards and outwards. The process of building high floors larger than the first is called jettying, and became synonymous with the medieval era, becoming very popular in the latter half. While jettying had been around for nearly 1000 years, it was still relatively new for Britain, and by 1066, houses were just reaching 2-3 stories high. We do know that this was incredibly popular by 1100-1200, and began being restricted and regulated in London by 1300 due to some fires in 1133 and 1212 due to building proximity. As buildings couldn’t grow their first floors to impede foot traffic (regulated by law), having more room in upper floors became a necessity. Somewhere in this time we begin to see the creation of skywalks or covered pathways between buildings. I could not find an exact date for when these appeared, but there’s evidence they existed in China in 220ce, so it’s not unreasonable for them to have made it to England within another 600-800 years. Again, while jettying was new, we also have mention of the Shambles in 937, a street in York that is famous for its tilted jettying. Most buildings in that picture are from 1300 onwards due to fires, but it’s not unreasonable to believe it could look similar.
Roofing will likely be almost entirely thatching, or made out of dried straw, reeds, etc over a timber frame. There is some evidence for use of wooden tiles, red roman tiles, turf, and timber as well for roofs, but vary in cost and abundance. Many depictions of medieval england use slate or shale shingles, which while possible would likely be anachronistic, as the first records of those don’t appear until the 1300s, more than the few years for other anachronistic changes.
Castles were still in very early stages in this period. The remains of the Roman Forts not picked apart had been used by royalty such as in Winchester and Canterbury, sometimes having a church built into them. The other type that may be linked to the smaller burhs are the aforementioned Motte and Bailey castles. These are very early castles that originated around the 8th-9th century in Carolingian France. In them, we have a protected area within an enclosure called the Bailey, and that included the only real way up to the often wooden watchtower or small 2-3 story keep. The motte was a large fortified hill that the tower sat upon. This provided a nice advantage and lookout for guards, while making it difficult to storm. These really did not reach England until about 1066 with the Norman Invasion, though even if we have an earlier setting, I can see a mild historical inaccuracy occurring to push these through, as French and English dynasties did get along and travel to each other on numerous occasions.
Overall, Anglo-Saxon Architecture was fairly basic work in the beginning of the period, creating square churches and houses from retrievable stone, timber, and mud. It does appear that the Carolingian Renaissance and frankish styles began spreading to England by the 8th century though, allowing for some larger buildings to exist. Make no mistake, stone work though will be fairly basic within the title, with the most elaborate stone work being window arches and a few stone carvings. Larger sprawling castles, complex stone churches with arches, and even brick based houses will not be in game. These advances were primarily coming from the gothic period and early Tudor dynasty which cemented the traditional fantasy medieval style in most people’s heads of churches like Notre Dame, 5 storied jettying houses with plaster filling and timber and brick frames, and massive stone castles with knights in plate armor.
Celtic lands consist of several major areas in the British Isles, now making up the countries of Ireland (and North Ireland), Isle of Man, Scotland, and Wales. The celts, while largely good stone workers, each had several unique flairs and differences across the lands due to different cultural influences.
Ireland is largely grasslands with a few major mountain ranges along the southern and northwestern coasts, as can be seen in this map. Within the inner part of Ireland and a few surrounding islands such as Mann and Skellig to as far away as Oakney, which were largely isolated from Britain became the home of the Celts, that - primarily in Ireland - lived in clusters of towns called Tuatha with a probable high king. More on his position later. In the neolithic through early medieval period we see the creation of stone huts called Beehive Huts. These may look familiar as the huts seen in Star Wars Force Awakens and Last Jedi which filmed on the Skellig Islands. The Tuatha meanwhile were a cluster of towns that each held 3000 people and 1000 large houses holding 30 people each. A good example of this is Rathcroghan. Smaller houses for single families could be seen too, and like the large houses were mostly circular wood and largely straw homes. Ireland was far less wooded than Britain, forcing the settlements to rely on wood, stone, and straw far more. Vikings began to settle in Ireland though, creating the first real large cities of Ireland by founding Dublin, Wexford, Waterford, Cork, and Limerick which were used as ports and easy staging areas for future raids, especially to Britain.
Unfortunately Wales history has been extremely hard to research and understand the architecture of this mountainous and rugged country. Many fires and revolutions during the high middle ages destroyed the history, leaving behind stone castles built post Norman Invasion and records of political turmoil in the early kingdoms of Wales (more on that later). It’s highly suspected that despite the Celtic Influence from Ireland, the Britons of Wales, especially in the northern Gwynedd, had architecture similar to the Frankish and English. The city I can find the most on that definitely existed in this era was Bangor, which is one of the oldest Welsh cities overall. It seems there were Roman Forts at modern Newport and Cardiff, but the extent of the settlement there post Rome is unknown. Vikings did settle the town of Swansea as well in the early 1000s, but other than that held no permanent residence in Wales due to the Welsh Kingdoms power.
Scotland during its early years was made up of a few separate kingdoms which started to become United under Alba by the Viking Era. The records of many of the country’s cities were actually hill forts nestled into the rocky, mountainous, and ravenous terrain of the region that include Craig Phadrig, Aberdeen, Dunadd, Dumbarton Rock, Edinburgh, and Scone. What wasn’t Roman Fortress was largely low lying single story wattle and daub houses with timber frames, wooden churches, and a few stone beehive huts, most of which was described to blend into the hills.
Scandinavia contrasts heavily with medieval England though. Rather than being a single large Island or collection of isles, Scandinavia describes modern Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland. To make it simpler, I’m going to break it up into Viking and NonViking Scandinavia, which was predominantly based on how far north the vikings went.
Viking Scandinavia is primarily Southern Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. Norway is a very mountainous and hilly region creating massive and beautiful Fjords or inlets with high cliffs. Sweden is on the east side of the mountains being mildly lower but hilly and mountainous nonetheless. Both are mostly covered in a Boreal Forest, or a subarctic Taiga, a forest that is characterized by evergreens in a very cold climate, with tall but skinny trunks and wide but thin branches. This contrasts from the deciduous forests native to England and most of Europe including Denmark, the southernmost part of Scandinavia that’s a low lying peninsula known as the Jutland Peninsula with a collection of several large islands known as the Danish Archipelago.
The Jutland was home to three of the largest trading hubs in the Viking world, being Aarhus, Ribe, and the largest of Hedeby which contained about 1000 people. Most of the largest cities in Scandinavia were not founded until after the viking era was over, but several major cities weren’t far from them. The religious city of Uppsala and the nearby town of Birka were relatively close to modern Stockholm in Sweden and Roskilde near modern Copenhagen. Oslo (or Anslo as it was called) was founded around 1040, meaning it could appear in the title. Kaupung and Trondheim were larger hubs in Norway, with Trondheim towards northern Norway along the coast of the Norwegian Sea. Reykjavik and a few other towns were founded in Iceland in 874, so it’s not impossible to see them too.
There are many contemporary and modern sources on viking architecture, and while it was almost entirely wood and mud, I do want to discuss some common themes I’ve seen doing research into Viking Architecture styles. To begin with, some commonalities are that viking villages are generally flat with low single story buildings and wide streets. Ubisoft’s last foray into the viking era with For Honor had shown off a viking village with the opposite though, being taller 2-3 story houses, narrow paths on a hill. While undoubtedly visually pleasing, it’s certainly inaccurate. As we see from the potentially leaked concept art for Ragnarok, Bay 09 includes a sprawling viking city on a mountain side overlooking a Fjord, with high towers, multiple story buildings, and even a bridge with houses built onto it. Again it’s visually appealing, and would likely work well with parkour despite being on a more fantastical side of what we ought to see. The other big commonality is that most viking villages had a sizeable mead hall that was used for town religious and political purposes, often being a timber longhouse.
While most viking houses were wooden and had straw and mud roofs, it appears that some commonalities were more based on region. This bit is speculation, as I’ve had difficulty verify the veracity and historical accuracy of this architectural style, but based on the aforementioned concept art, it’s not unlikely to be seeing a more mythicized version of the world, meaning a few historical discrepancies are likely. From what I’ve seen, these largely wooden and more ornate buildings, despite being 1-1.5 stories were more commonly associated with Norway. I’d speculate that more mountainous terrain could make creating foundations for a house, especially longhouses, fairly difficult; thus forcing smaller and more stable homes to be designed out of primarily wood rather than earth works. Sweden, on the other hand would try to marry a larger footprint of longhouses such as in Denmark while being ornate and suited to the terrain, creating wood, straw, and mud houses that may have been similar to this. Denmark would largely focus on larger footprints using primarily longhouses within their city’s defenses, which likely owed to creating some of the larger cities of the viking era like Hedeby. During Harald Bluetooth’s reign and even as late as Cnut the Great, the Viking Ring Fortress became popular, especially in Denmark and Sweden, comprising of several longhouses and smaller houses in squares surrounded by a large earth wall, created by digging a trench along the outside of the desired hill. During construction the hill, 4 wooden passageways were left through the hill, with dirt and sod packed on top and to the sides, allowing people to freely move in and out of the fortress. The hill was then fortified with large timber siding on both the inside and outside, while allowing people from the inside easy access to the top of the hill, which now acted as a wall.
Iceland greatly differs from these areas though, with a far harsher environment. About 50% of iceland is covered in rough rocky volcanic lava deserts and glacial wastelands in a region called the Highlands. The rest of iceland is rocky and mountainous grassland surrounded by massive Fjords. While there were numerous viking settlements throughout the island, the largest and one of the first was the now-capital-city of Reykjavik. Unlike traditional viking settlements though, many homes were timber built but completely covered in mud and sod. This was to keep the heat trapped in the home due to the harsher environment, creating settlements that may have looked a bit like this.
Northern Scandinavia was left largely uninhabited by the vikings, having small tribes of the Lapps and Sami people control the regions, especially in what’s modern Finland. The farthest north of this area was of course marked by the arctic circle and boreal forest while the west was more mountains and forest from Norway and Sweden. Finland, though, has a massive area known as central lake plateau, which is a plateau in the center of the country that is full of lakes, swamps, and boreal forest. Going farther south to the Baltic coast will be met with a large swamp and “Archipelago Sea”. The Sami and Lapps never contained large amounts of wealth or large cities, creating only small settlements of Mud and Wooden huts, not dissimilar from American Indian Tipis.
Frankish territory extended far past modern France, making up modern France, Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, and a few other countries in what was the Holy Roman Empire. Prior to the viking age, the empire collapsed and eventually split into several regions marked on the map, more on the politics of this later. Seeing all of the Frankish Kingdoms is pretty unlikely, as is seeing any of them in the main game in my opinion, but they do hold some of the richest lands and cities in the Early Medieval Period in Europe.
The vast majority of this region is open grasslands, soft rolling fields, and forests scattered throughout the areas labeled as Brittany, West Francia, Normandy, Lotharingia, and Saxony. Frisia and part of northern Saxony were large swamp lands. Angers, Tours, and Orleans are the southernmost cities in western Francia and near the border of Brittany. Rouen was just inside the Duchy of Normandy, with Paris along the same river not far outside the borders. Frisia’s largest city was Utrecht, with many modern towns like Amsterdam only existing as fishing villages if at all. In Saxony and Lotharingia we’d see larger cities of Hamburg and Frankfurt. While the exact populations of many cities are unknown, by 1050 Cologne had around 21,000 people and Paris had 25,000 by 800, far more than any English city.
Just to the east we have the regions of Pomerania and Lusatia, both regional names for kingdoms of Bohemia and Moravia along with groups of people living in what’s now modern Poland. The northern area of Pomerania is a fairly flat and grassy area known as the Polish Plain, contrasted with the southern portion that has steeper rolling hills. Wolin was a major stopping and trading hub for Vikings, and likely related to the potentially mythical city of Jomsborg. To the south three major cities existed along separate riverways that fed back into the Baltic: Poznan, Prague, and Krakow.
Most of these areas had a very distinct architectural style known as Preromanesque, which as it sounds came before the architectural style Romanesque. The Merovingian Dynasty from the 5th century to 751 is what really inspired this architectural choice, which then split into 2 similar but different styles of Carolingian and Ottonian, after rulers in Carolingian Dynasty and King Otto. An example of the Preromaneque Architecture would be Charlemange’s Palace, which upon observation has clear Roman influence due to presence of arches and round structures, but overall left a fairly flat facade. This Carolingian Monastery has fairly few discernable differences to this Ottonian church in Frankfurt. We do see a large emphasis on the interior beauty though, as evidenced by this carolingian church. By the 11th century we start to see a shift towards being larger and more ornate buildings such as this church, which has an obvious emphasis on the facade. While this is the era in which castles and keeps started to be made, most buildings would not be above 3 stories, and real castles wouldn’t be built until after the Norman Invasions of William the Conqueror. For now, we’d likely just see more Motte and Bailey castles.
That primarily covers the big landmarks made by and for the kings and religious. Peasants, however, did not have such luxuries, often living in the stone houses left behind by the romans in these cities and forts. As the cities grew, due to walls existing, much like England, it became common (even earlier too) to start building up by using wattle and daub, stripping the stone as needed, though France (at least with the rich) had far less of an issue with acquiring stonework. Paris was subjected to multiple raids, though two really stood out and were encapsulated in art that can help show what the city may have looked like at the time. The first was in 845 at the hands of Ragnar Lothbrok, and as we can see, it had a decent sized Carolingian Palace in Ile de la Cite (please note that the larger cathedral attached to the palace and Conciergerie weren’t built until the 13th century, but the section with the lower roofs were updated around 800), juxtaposed by the Preromanesque churches and Roman Ruins on the outskirts. By 885, however, Rollo had to face walls on the other side of the bridges, helping defend the outer city more. The TV show Vikings actually did cover this as well, seemingly combining the two sieges and adding a more anachronistic flare such as the taller roofs on the towers and greatly exaggerating the size of everything, despite Paris definitely being more built up than English cities. It would not be unlikely to see cities largely built up as the classic fantasy medieval cities, though with mildly less stone and no bricks; not dissimilar to this (https://www.turbosquid.com/3d-models/medieval-port-3d-1144332). Even in that we see the Carolingian church rather than a larger gothic one, which is an important thing to remember for the early medieval period.
Kievan Rus was the most different to any region discussed so far. Like other Northern European areas, it’s largely plains, a few rolling hills, and mountains to the southwest of the region in what is now mostly Poland, Ukraine, and Belarus. I do include the modern Baltic States in the map of Kievan Rus territory though due to the area being primarily inhabited by small tribes, Slavs, and often being used as a hub for piracy and trade by the Varangians that inhabited Kievan Rus.
I want to discuss this group of people later, but their land was very important, being the easiest way for vikings to trade with people from Greece, Turkey, and the Middle East, as the Varangians controlled every major trade route in Eastern Europe from the Black to Baltic Sea.
This lead to what would be the most interesting architecture in the title though, as despite likely having roots from vikings, eventually turned to Eastern Orthodoxy based on Byzantine tradition, and developed the architecture as such. By about 1000ce, the capital of Kiev was decorated with large wooden and stone monuments with exotic and ornate domes inherent to the Byzantine Structure. Kiev, while the capital was one of the 3 major cities in the region, with the other 2 being Polotsk in the north west, and the original capital of Novgorad in the north.
TL;DR: There were several distinct regions and architectural styles in the early medieval era, ranging from the viking single story houses and longhouses, to multi story compact cities made of wattle and daub and timber frames which could be surrounded by large stone churches, juxtaposed by the exotic domes of the eastern Rus.
submitted by nstav13 to assassinscreed [link] [comments]

[OC] Who's in line to make the 2020 Olympic Field?

So with the end of the FedEx Cup Playoffs, we’re entering the slow part of the golf season, which means it’s the perfect time to look at the standings for Olympic Qualifying for the Tokyo Games. Olympic Qualifying ends on June 22nd and will take the Top 60 players in the Official World Golf Standings (OWGR), with each country getting a maximum of two slots, unless they have more than two players in the Top 15, which in case they can send a maximum of four players. These rules are fairly simple to follow if you aren’t following this wordy explanation, you’ll see how it works as I go along. I’ll be going continent-by-continent grading players on the likelihood that they’ll qualify. A “Virtual Lock” means they’re almost guaranteed to make the Olympics. Someone “On The Inside Track” means they will likely make the Olympics if they continue their form of play in the future. A “Bubble Boy” is someone on the edge of qualifying that needs to pick up the pace to ensure their spot or else they're at the mercy of others playing bad, and finally an “outside shot” has a small chance but needs either a watershed victory and/or declines from people above them to make the Olympic Field.
North America:
Canada: INSIDE TRACK: Adam Hadwin (currently 68th in the world), Corey Conners (71). OUTSIDE SHOT: Mackenzie Hughes (191), Roger Sloan (207), Nick Taylor (255)
Anyone in the top 2 for Canada will be comfortably in the Top 60, the only question is who will get it. Hadwin and Conners are the clear favorites with both of them being in the Top 100 in the world, but a PGA tour win from any of the other three could challenge them. Conners went from 196th in the world to 80th with his win in Texas this year, a win of similar caliber could propel one of Hughes, Sloan or Taylor into Olympic Qualifying contention. It’s still very hard and probably won’t happen, but there’s still a chance, which is why I’m including them here.
Mexico: VIRTUAL LOCK: Abraham Ancer (37). BUBBLE BOY: Carlos Ortiz (239). OUTSIDE SHOT: Roberto Diaz (398), Jose de Jesus Rodriguez (480).
Being a Top 50 player from a weaker golf country like Mexico puts Ancer firmly in the Tokyo Field. At the moment Ortiz would qualify as one of the last players in, but some good finishes on the PGA Tour would help him secure their spot. Both of the outside shots are competing for their Tour Cards in the Korn Ferry Tour Finals right now and will still likely get some PGA Tour starts next year, but will really need to capitalize on them to get to a spot to surpass Ortiz and be among the Top 60 qualifiers.
Puerto Rico: OUTSIDE SHOT: Rafael Campos (474). Campos just got his Tour card by finishing in the Top 25 in the Korn Ferry Tour season. He’s one of the longest shots on this list but just one good finish on the PGA Tour could change this and get him to Tokyo.
USA: VIRTUAL LOCK: Brooks Koepka (1). INSIDE TRACK: Dustin Johnson (3). BUBBLE BOY: Justin Thomas (5), Patrick Cantlay (7), Tiger Woods (8), Xander Schauffele (9), Bryson Dechambeau (10). OUTSIDE SHOT: Tony Finau (12), Webb Simpson (14), Patrick Reed (16), Gary Woodland (17), Rickie Fowler (19), Matt Kuchar (20).
The US is so competitive and the rankings change week-to-week, it’s very hard to predict who the top 4 Americans will be in 6 months. Even still Koepka is the most dominant player in terms of OWGR standings since prime Tiger, with his amazing season this year he’s a sure lock to at the very least be in the top 4 Americans. DJ has dropped his form in recent months (he hasn’t finished better than 20th since the May) but still had a comfortable lead in OWGR over the fourth spot that I feel confident that he will make the Olympic squad. The other two spots are a tossup and a marquee win by the five bubble boys could push them into the field. The outside shots probably need at least two PGA wins in the next 10 months to get them into the Top 4 for the US, which is a tall task.
South America:
Argentina: VIRTUAL LOCK: Emiliano Grillo (67). BUBBLE BOY: Nelson Ledesma (228)
Grillo has been a steady Top 100 player in the world for the past five years, the current best South American player and 2016 Olympian is a lock for 2020. Ledesma will be a PGA Tour rookie and is in the virtual Tokyo field as of right now but will need to sustain his position on the major circuit to stay there.
Brazil: OUTSIDE SHOT: Adilson da Silva (359).
Brazil’s 2016 Olympian needs to have some good finishes on the African Tour if he wants to return to the Olympic stage.
Chile: VIRTUAL LOCK: Joaquin Niemann (83). OUTSIDE SHOT: Huge Leon (498)
The young Chilean rallied hard the last two months of the season to comfortably retain his PGA Tour card, and will be a sure thing to make the Olympics. Leon is projected just outside the Top 110 of the European Tour Order of Merit, which is the cutoff point for a full European Tour Card, but a good result or two could secure is card, which would help tremendously to get into the Olympic Field
Colombia: ON THE INSIDE TRACK: Juan Sebastian Munoz (193). OUTSIDE SHOT: Nicolas Echavarria (475), Marcelo Rozo (503)
Munoz just barely held onto his Tour card by finishing 124th in the FedEx Cup, but still needs to hold steady to ensure his spot in the Olympics. The other two are struggling in the Korn Ferry Tour finals right now and likely won’t get their card unless they have good showings in the next two weeks, it will be an uphill battle for both of them to get inside the Top 250 in the world to try and sneak into the Olympic Field
Paraguay: BUBBLE BOY: Fabrizio Zanotti (235).
The European Tour vet will keep his card for the foreseeable future, but will need to pick up the pace to return to the Olympic Field. He’s hasn’t had a Top 25 finish since the Maybank Championship in March and only two Top 10 finishes since last February. He’s floating just inside the field for now, but not for long if he doesn’t improve
Venezuela: VIRTUAL LOCK: Jhonattan Vegas (113).
Jhonny Vegas had a lackluster year for his standards but still remains one of the few consistent Top 100 caliber players from South America and no other Venezuelan comes close to him. He will be in the Olympics.
Europe:
Austria: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Bernd Wiesberger (41). BUBBLE BOYS: Sepp Straka (184), Matthias Schwab (213).
Wiesberger, currently second in the Race to Dubai, has gone from out of the field to lock this summer with two wins. Straka and Schwab will compete on opposite sides of the Atlantic for the second Austrian spot, though if they both underperform Wiesberger could be the only one to make it.
Belgium: VIRTUAL LOCK: Thomas Pieters (84). INSIDE TRACK: Thomas Detry (161). OUTSIDE SHOT: Nicolas Colsaerts (343)
Pieters has been the best Belgian for years and that likely won’t change soon. Colsaerts represented Belgium in 2016 but has been struggling as of late and has fallen way outside the Olympic field. Detry will likely hold on to that spot unless Colsaerts sees a resurgence.
Denmark: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Lucas Bjerregaard (53), Thorbjorn Olesen (64).
These two Danes are the only two in the Top 200 in the world, they should be easy locks into the Tokyo field next year.
Finland: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Mikko Korhonen (108). BUBBLE BOYS: Kalle Samooja (300), Kim Koivu (315). OUTSIDE SHOT: Tapio Pulkkanen (376)
Korhonen, a winner on the European Tour at the China Open, should be in the Tokyo field. Samooja and Koivu, both rookies on the European Tour this year, are currently on the outside looking in but could easily get their way into the field with some good results that would also help them maintain their tour cards.
France: BUBBLE BOYS: Benjamin Hebert (97), Mike Lorenzo-Vera (100), Romain Langasque (105). OUTSIDE SHOT: Alexander Levy (171), Victor Perez (174), Antoine Rozner (189).
This is one of the juiciest races in the world. Three Frenchmen occupy an eight place gap and only two can make it to Tokyo. All three of them have been having good years, right now placing 13th, 32nd, and 19th, respectively in the Race to Dubai. We could be in for an incredibly tight race, or one or two of these guys could shoot lights out and ease into the Olympics. The outside shots could sneak it in if they get a couple of good results, but overtaking two of the three might be a difficult task.
Germany: VIRTUAL LOCK: Martin Kaymer (95). BUBBLE BOYS: Maximillian Kieffer (281), Stephan Jaeger (313).
The former No.1 player in the world has fallen off a cliff in recent years but some decent results recently has secured his spot in the Olympic field. Kieffer is the last person in the virtual field as of today and Jaeger is right behind him, both of them need to play better to get Germany off this precarious spot. Of the two I give Kieffer the better chance of making it to Tokyo, he should keep his European Tour card whereas Jaeger lost his PGA Tour card and has missed the cut in both KFT Finals events.
Great Britain: VIRTUAL LOCK: Justin Rose (4). INSIDE TRACK: Tommy Fleetwood (13). BUBBLE BOYS: Paul Casey (18). OUTSIDE SHOT: Matthew Fitzpatrick (29), Matt Wallace (30) Ian Poulter (32),
Rose is a Top 4 player in the world and will easily be within the Top 15 in the world even if multiple Brits somehow jump him. Fleetwood and Casey will battle it out for second place, but as long as both of them finish in the Top 15 in the world, they could both make it. I feel like Fleetwood is the favorite of the two, so I ranked him slightly higher. The other three need a solid win or two to try and bump themselves into the Top 15 in the world.
Ireland: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Rory McIlroy (2), Shane Lowry (21). The current FedEx Cup Champion and Open Champion are clear favorites to represent Ireland in the Olympics, other Irish and Northern Irish golfers will likely need at least three major tour victories to have a shot at surpassing their OWGR totals, which won’t happen.
Italy: VIRTUAL LOCK: Francesco Molinari (11). BUBBLE BOYS: Andrea Pavan (76), Guido Migliozzi (110).
Molibot has been a lock to be the Italian representative since his Open win last year. Pavan and Migliozzi are the only other Italians inside the Top 300 in the world, the 40 place gap could easily be covered by Migliozzi in the next ten months. Pavan is definitely the favorite but the gap is close enough that I’m labeling them both bubble boys
Netherlands: VIRTUAL LOCK: Joost Luiten (90). INSIDE TRACK: Darius van Driel (150). OUTSIDE SHOT: Daan Huizing (363).
Similar to Belgium's case, Luiten has been on the top of Dutch golf for years. Van Driel is a solid player that will likely also qualify, unless Huizing has some good results and pushes past him
Norway: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Viktor Hovland (112), Kristoffer Ventura (156)
Hovland has set the golfing world on fire recently, the PGA got some flack that he didn’t automatically qualify for the Tour this year because he didn’t play enough events despite being stellar in most of them, including a T12 at the US Open as an amatuer. Nonetheless, his T2 last week in Boise in the KFT Finals clinched his Tour card next year. But let’s not forget the other young Norwegian. Kristoffer Ventura was apart of that Oklahoma St. men's team that included Hovland and Matthew Wolff that won the NCAA title in 2018, and Ventura won twice on the Korn Ferry Tour to easily earn his Tour card next year as well. Both should be easy locks from the traditionally meh golfing country.
Portugal: BUBBLE BOYS: Ricardo Santos (229), Jose-Filipe Lima (280)
Lima was the last person in the field in 2016, but will need an improvement in OWGR standing or some withdrawals to make it in. Santos is just barely in the field as of now, but like most bubble boys could use some high finishes to keep his spot. Santos and Lima are the only Portuguese golfers in the Top 500 of the World Rankings, so there won’t likely be anyone usurping them here.
Slovakia: VIRTUAL LOCK: Rory Sabbatini (70).
The former South African married a Slovakian and adopted her nationality to have a better shot at making the Olympic team. The 43 year old played excellently this year to all but clinch his spot in Tokyo. No other Slovakians have OWGR points to mention here.
Spain: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Jon Rahm (5). BUBBLE BOYS: Rafa Cabrera Bello (42), Sergio Garcia (45). OUTSIDE SHOT: Jorge Campillo (75).
Pretty self explanatory, almost like the Italy scenario above. Rahm already has a bunch of points locked up already, he’s all but guaranteed to make the field, leaving Rafa and Sergio to battle it out. Campillo already has one win this year, if Rafa and Sergio don’t play up to expectations Campillo could snatch the second Spanish slot
Sweden: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Henrik Stenson (31). INSIDE TRACK: Alex Noren (47). OUTSIDE SHOT: Alexander Bjork (118), Marcus Kinhult (127).
The Rio silver medalist is well on his way to return to improve that medal to gold. Noren isn’t too far behind in the OWGR standings, but he’s been among the worst Top 100 players in the world this year and if he continues to be this bad, don’t be surprised if either Bjork or Kinhult get some good results to edge him out.
Africa:
South Africa: INSIDE TRACK: Louis Oosthuizen (22). BUBBLE BOYS: Justin Harding (52), Erik van Rooyen (62), Branden Grace (77), Dylan Frittelli (94).
Oosty has separated himself from the other Africans and will very, very likely claim the first South African slot if he wishes. The other spot is a free for all, Harding and van Rooyen have had great seasons on the European Tour, each with a win and an additional second place finish. Harding has been looking to jump to the PGA Tour, where he is currently in line for a card. Frittelli has had a bit of a down year but did win the John Deere and looks to be trending up for the 2020 PGA season. Lastly, Branden Grace has fallen off from his Top 10 place a couple of years ago but a return to that caliber could also send him to the Olympics. South African is one of the most competitive countries for Olympic qualifying
Zimbabwe: INSIDE TRACK: Scott Vincent (173)
The only other African country with someone good enough to qualify, Scott Vincent has played fairly well in Asia to carve out a pretty solid spot in the Olympic field. Not really a whole lot to say.
Asia
China: VIRTUAL LOCK: Haotong Li (50). INSIDE TRACK: Zhang Xinjun (138). OUTSIDE SHOT: Wu Ashun (285)
Li has been the best player in China for a while and likely will be the best Chinese player for a long time. The only real competition is Xinjun, who finished second on the Korn Ferry Tour season. While I am tempted to put Xinjun in the “lock” category, he struggled in the 2017 when he had his full PGA Tour card and if he replicates that, he could be caught by Ashun if he isn’t careful. Wu also hasn’t been playing all that well, but if he returns to the World Top 200 form he’s shown for most of the decade, it might be enough to wiggle his way into the Olympics.
Chinese Taipei (Taiwan): VIRTUAL LOCK: CT Pan (51)
The former World No.1 Amateur won for the first time on the PGA Tour this season to jump into the Top 50 in the world and will likely represent the island nation in the Olympics once again
India: BUBBLE BOYS: Gaganjeet Bhullar (217), Shubhankar Sharma (241). OUTSIDE SHOT: Anirban Lahiri (278).
A year ago it seemed like India was a lock for two spots in the Olympic field, but now not so much. Since his two European Tour wins last year, Shubhankar Sharma has been downright awful. He’s not in the Top 110 for the Race to Dubai, and right now he’s trying to get his PGA Tour card in the KFT Finals, but has missed the cut badle in both attempts. The other supposed lock, Anirban Lahiri, finished outside the Top 150 on the PGA Tour, but luckily for him he has played well and should get his card back. Gaganjeet Bhullar, who looked like the odd man out, is now the best player in India, though he himself hasn’t had a Top 20 since the Kenya Open back in March. Bhullar and Sharma are technically still in the virtual field but need to play a lot better if they want to get in, and Lahiri needs to keep the abilities he’s flashed recently to get back into the Olympics.
Japan: VIRTUAL LOCK: Hideki Matsuyama (26). BUBBLE BOYS: Shugo Imahira (80), Rikuya Hoshino (109), Ryo Ishikawa (122). OUTSIDE SHOT: Satoshi Kodaira (132), Yuta Ikeda (141)
The host nation automatically gets one spot no matter what, but Japan won’t need that and will comfortably fit two into the field. Hideki has consistently been the best Japanese player for several years and it’s no different now. The second spot is a free for all. Ishikawa is first in money on the Japan Tour, Hoshino is first in points, and Hoshino is third in both points and money. All of them have been playing great all year in the land of the rising sun, I wouldn’t be surprised if any of them represent their country in the Olympics next year. I’ve put Kodaira and Ikeda in the “outside shot category” because while both of them are moderately close in OWGR, neither of them have been playing all that well as of late. Ikeda has been decent but not good enough to retain his Top 100 spot in the World Rankings, and Kodaira missed the FedEx Cup playoffs entirely this year stateside (his win at the Heritage last year helps him retain full PGA status, which will help). While these guys still have a half-decent shot at making the Olympic team, I’m not too confident in them playing well enough to get there. Anyone else is outside the Top 150 in the world and probably has too many good players to jump to make it into the top 2 for Japan. There’s just so many good golfers from here.
Korean Republic (South Korea): BUBBLE BOYS: Byeong Hun An (49), Sungjae Im (55), Si Woo Kim (66), Sung Kang (78). OUTSIDE SHOT: Sanghyun Park (128).
South Korea is another extremely competitive country, with basically four players competing for two spots. Sungjae Im lead the Web.com Tour in points last year and followed it up with an appearance in the Tour Championship this year, Im might be the best player of the four right now. Si Woo has been incredibly stable in recent years, consistently being 40-60th in the world, and has the best career win of the four with his Players Championship in 2017. An is another extremely solid player, with his best win coming at the BMW PGA in Europe in 2015. I would bet on those three equally, but I also wouldn’t count on Sung Kang. While he did win the Byron Nelson this year and posted a 7th place finish at Bethpage Black, he’s been in a rut lately and hasn’t finished better than 60th since. If he can find the magic he had in Dallas he could make a big push for one of the two spots. Lastly, Sanghyun Park is a veteran of the Japanese and Korean Tours who finished runner up on the Asian Order of Merit last year. His four Top 10’s this year in Japan and a T16 at the Open has helped him maintain his 125ish world ranking but he’ll likely need a couple wins to make a push for the Olympics.
Malaysia: BUBBLE BOY: Gavin Green (209).
Green has been around 175-225 in the world for the past couple of years, which might be seen as a disappointment for the young Malaysian, but it’s still good enough to be the best in the country and good enough to consistently have a place in the Olympic field. However, if can’t sustain this pace he could fall out, which is why he’s still on the bubble
Philippines: BUBBLE BOYS: Miguel Tabuena (296), Angelo Que (305)
These two Filipinos have bounced around between 200-300 all year, but recently they haven’t been able to place on the Asian Tours as well as they were, resulting in both of them slipping down the OWGR rankings. Tabuena did win the Queen’s Cup tournament on the Asian Tour late last year, which probably means he’s the best positioned of the two but they still both need to play better if the Philippines wants to be represented on the course in Tokyo.
Thailand: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Jazz Janewattananond (58), Kiradech Aphibarnrat (65).
Jazz has led the Japan Tour in money and points for most of the year and was in the second last group at Bethpage this year. Bart Rat has had a down year but still finished T3 at the WGC in Mexico and a T5 at the Byron Nelson. Both of them are still almost 200 spots ahead of the next Thai player and safely in the Olympic field.
Oceania
Australia: INSIDE TRACK: Adam Scott (15). BUBBLE BOY: Jason Day (23), Marc Leishman (24). OUTSIDE SHOT: Cameron Smith (46).
Scott, Day, and Leishman all have potential to be Top 10 players in the world, it’s just a matter of who will be playing the best right before the Olympics. Scott gets the ranking of “inside track” just because he’s several spots above the other two, which is a sizeable gap this high up in the rankings. Of everyone in the “inside track” category, he’d be the least surprising to miss. Cameron Smith is also very talented but we haven’t seen him put it all together on the PGA Tour. I think he’s a step below the other three for sure and the current day rankings reflect that, but I wouldn’t be shocked to see him win a big one and jump the others by next June.
New Zealand: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Ryan Fox (103), Danny Lee (133)
To finish off, a nice clear cut double lock. Fox and Lee are the only New Zealanders inside the Top 350 and should safely be in the field
Summary:
  • VIRTUAL LOCKS (28): Abraham Ancer, Brooks Koepka, Emiliano Grillo, Joaquin Niemann, Jhonattan Vegas, Bernd Wiesberger, Thomas Pieters, Lucas Bjerregaard, Thorbjorn Olesen, Mikko Korhonen, Martin Kaymer, Justin Rose, Rory McIlroy, Shane Lowry, Francesco Molinari, Joost Luiten, Victor Hovland, Kristoffer Ventura, Rory Sabbatini, Jon Rahm, Henrik Stenson, Haotong Li, CT Pan, Hideki Matsuyama, Jazz Janewattananond, Kiradech Aphibarnrat, Ryan Fox, Danny Lee
  • INSIDE TRACKS (12): Adam Hadwin, Corey Conners, Dustin Johnson, Juan Sebastian Munoz, Thomas Detry, Tommy Fleetwood, Darius van Driel, Alex Noren, Louis Oosthuizen, Scott Vincent, Zhang Xinjun, Adam Scott
  • BUBBLE BOYS (42): Carlos Ortiz, Justin Thomas, Patrick Cantlay, Tiger Woods, Xander Schauffele, Bryson Dechambeau, Nelson Ledesma, Fabrizio Zanotti, Sepp Straka, Matthias Schwab, Kalle Samooja, Kim Koivu, Benjamin Hebert, Mike Lorenzo-Vera, Romain Langasque, Maximilian Kieffer, Stephan Jaeger, Paul Casey, Andrea Pavan, Guido Migliozzi, Ricardo Santos, Jose-Filipe Lima, Rafa Cabrera-Bello, Sergio Garcia, Justin Harding, Erik van Rooyen, Branden Grace, Dylan Frittelli, Gaganjeet Bhullar, Shubhankar Sharma, Shugo Imahira, Rikuyo Hoshino, Ryo Ishikawa, Byeong Hun An, Sungjae Im, Si Woo Kim, Sung Kang, Gavin Green, Miguel Tabuena, Angelo Que, Jason Day, Marc Leishman
  • OUTSIDE TRACK (34): Mackenzie Hughes, Roger Sloan, Nick Taylor, Roberto Diaz, Jose de Jesus Rodriguez, Rafael Campos, Tony Finau, Webb Simpson, Patrick Reed, Gary Woodland, Rickie Fowler, Matt Kuchar, Adilson da Silva, Hugo Leon, Nicolas Echavarria, Marcelo Rozo, Nicolas Colsaerts, Tapio Pulkakken, Alexander Levy, Victor Perez, Antoine Rozner, Matthew Fitzpatrick, Matt Wallace, Ian Poulter, Daan Huizing, Jorge Campillo, Alexander Bjork, Marcus Kinhult, Wu Ashun, Anirban Lahiri, Satoshi Kodaira, Yuta Ikeda, Sanghyun Park, Cameron Smith
So it looks like I’ve given 40 slots for locks and inside tracks, meaning that the 42 bubble boys look to be fighting for 20 spots, and the outside track people maybe stealing a couple from them. While this may look like an exhaustive list, there is a very real possibility that someone not mentioned at all here steals an Olympic slot, 10 months is still a very long time in the golf world. Still, hopefully this serves as a handy guide for the future.
submitted by packmanwiscy to golf [link] [comments]

[Table] IAmA: Bassist for The Mars Volta - Juan Alderete

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2012-08-01
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Link to my post
Questions Answers
For the Day of the Baphomets solo, how much creative control did you have when recording it? It was my first take so I guess a lot. Omar only asked me to fix one part but that was it. It is 98% first take.
What are your favorite songs to play live, and what would be your ideal set-list of songs to play? I love Cygnus. I could just play that and Roulette.
Who are your biggest musical influences? Hendrix...hip hop...80's new wave.
How is your health? Is everything ok? I get monitored every 3 months for my blood counts. Been good so far. Anyone w cancer knows you never know when things are gonna turn but I thank all Gods that I have been healthy so far.
I've seen activity on your twitter between Kimbra, St. Vincent, and Deantoni Parks about a possible record. Any news beyond the chatter? Speaking of Kimbra, she has admitted in interviews that she is a fan of The Mars Volta. Assuming you've met during festival and touring, how is she and what do you admire about her music? Since Flea played on the first Volta record, could you enlighten me to how his style is different than the bass parts in the latter Volta records that you play on. And is it a challenge in anyway to cover his parts live or do you add your own spin to things? I would love to record with that lineup. 3 are on board. Bomb St Vincent twitter and let's see if she will agree. I think D is recording with her and David Byrne. Maybe that will start it.
Kimbra is the coolest. She is going for it, musically. I bet a lot of industry execs want her to go more pop but she is legit. She wants to stretch stuff. She is a true artist.
Omar wrote those basslines so it was more, getting used to playing what Omar intended, as opposed to what Flea played. I learned Mother's Milk when I was younger. Flea destroyed it on that record.
Do you ever trip on fools? I trip on fools that act a fool. Just be cool.
I've heard TMV A-Team is #1, care to comment? TMV A-Team consists of Matty Bitt on the panels, BobbyBadSeed on the logistics, Deezel on the kit, Chase $ running shit, Chino Weeeno on the keys, Juaneezy on the bass, O and C. A Team can never be faded. We barely rehearse and rock it as if it were our last day on earth.
Do you remember that one time Snoop Dogg smoked so much in our hotel that the fire department had to come and evacuate everyone? I saw Snoop Lion's instagram that morning and they were all smoking...Daz, Snoop, Kurupt, Soupafly. I said to myself, "their room looks like my room...they must be here"... a couple of hours later the fire alarm goes off, here come fire trucks and I am outside telling people it had to me the blunt smoke... and it was.
Hey Juan, over the past couple years what has Deantoni Parks taught you while playing alongside him? Whether it be about music, spirituality, or overall friendship? D is one of the most dedicated musicians I have been around. For example, I asked him for some music for our Vato Negro record we were doing and he handed me a drive and said "take all the songs off this drive." I thought there would be 30-40 songs but, I kid you not, there were over 300 songs on there. Mostly complete arranged songs. He makes anyone feel like a half stepper. He is one of my closest homies. He has my back. We are in this together and we will always remain friends.
Is the Mars Volta doing a US tour for Noctorniquet later this year? If so, come by Florida. We love you here. I have not heard of any TMV touring for the rest of this year. Hopefully next year.
If you were to pic k one song from each of the projects you've been involved with which would they be and why? Too many songs to pick from.
Is there any tips you can give to an aspiring bassist to learn better techniques? I would get a Macbook and start with Garage Band and write songs in there. It will inspire you and it will sound pretty tight!
Whats going on with Racer X? Paul has Mr Big, Scott is touring with Judas Priest and I am in The Mars Volta.
What's the recording process like with TMV? Do you get parts, do you guys improvise on a groove that Omar and Cedric think of? Omar writes a record, gives it to Cedric and then they agree on the songs and then we all get to record on it. Some. I think the on fire approach they had in the early 70's is what inspired TMV.
Thanks for pedalsandeffects.com! It's really helpful for a lot of us out there experimenting. I loved Lakland when Dan owned it. There were a bunch of dudes working in an industrial complex and they were all dedicated to making great basses. A true punk rock company. When Dan left, I felt I should to.
Why did you switch to Lakland basses and then back to Fender? Also, what makes vintage basses better than new basses? Plus...I always ended up playing my Fender fretless. I think, over the years, basses woods start to age and sound better. New woods don't have that density and you cant find that wood any longer. All the new basses are from trees that have not been on this earth very long and you can hear it.
How has the internet changed the music industry? Do you have an opinion on music piracy? Have sites like Bandcamp helped artists? I dig bandcamp. I also dig soundcloud. I like that I can throw something up minutes after I finish it and let people hear it.
off, thank you for doing this. I am a huge fan of yours and so this is exciting. Flat wound strings and the tone rolled off!
Are you a Zechs Marquise fan?? I saw them open for you playing in Omar Rodriguez Lopez Group last year at Grog Shop in Cleveland. I have been in love with those dudes ever since. Yes!!! They are so damn funky! They definitely can take you to a place no other band can. It is that sense of fun and family that you get when you watch them. We, as the audience, get to join their band for a night kind of thing.
I've been told Thomas Pridgen left the band, because he has a habbit of tagging over gang tags and gang members started threatening band members and their family. Is this true? Thomas was let go by the band. He was a graffiti guy but that had nothing to do with it.
How did the falling out with John Theodore happen? Do you still keep in touch with him? I love Jon and I do keep in touch with him. Jon was unhappy and when someone is unhappy, someone has to pull the trigger and its Omar's band so he did just that.
Which one of your Fender Jazz basses is your favorite? My 1964 Jazz.
Why did you switch from those two Ampeg 8x10's? Weight issue.
How did you guys record Cassandra Geminni? The first and last part was recorded at a studio in LA...the jam in the middle was recorded live in Australia and probably cut up and manipulated by O.
What is Paul Gilbert like in person? Paul is great and generous.
Will Big Sir ever come to Ohio? Fly us there, put us up and meet our guarantee! haha...
Hey Juan, can you tell us what happened with Ikey? How come he wasn't part of Noctourniquet? He wasnt on the last two records because they were records that didnt have organ. Omar has a vision and he follows it.
Will he be back again? You never know. He is playing w Jack White at the moment.
What gave you the inspiration for Pedals and Effects? What was your first pedal? What got you into music? I would say all the questions I get asked from fans and the fact that youTube has mostly lame videos of pedals, done by guitarists. I think pedals deserve a better representation so I started my site. It will only get better as I learn how to maintain a site.
My first pedal was a chorus by TC Electronics.
My father got me into music. He loved jazz and blasted it every weekend.
Hey, big fan. Was the beginning of the band weird with learning how to fit in to Omar's style of a band? Have you ever wanted to quit the band as a result of his authority? Just curious, seems like an interesting band on the inside. Never wanted to quit. I always knew what I signed up for.
Who writes the lyrics in most songs? I'm a big fan, thanks for doing this. Cedric does. I believe Jeremy wrote some when he was alive too.
I'm trying to build a very minimal pedal setup yet still pack a punch - what are some essential and versatile pedals that you suggest would be best for this kind of setup? Get a good fuzz, phaser and octave pedal. Those always make it into the PA and you can combine those for a lot of great sounds.
If you can answer it, what really happened with Jon Theodore? In my opinion the band just had a different vibe about it when he was drumming, something perfect that has not been there since he left. He was frustrated and unhappy. They had to let him go because he wasnt into it as much as they wanted him to be.
Every era is great and its is different. I am not a fan of making the same record and I think the change offered great results.
Do you like At the Drive In's music? To be honest, I am not that familiar with their catalog. I know the hit song. I like that they sound like Fugazi, who I love.
At the Drive-In and Fugazi are my two favorite bands. How on earth are you not familiar with atdi's catalog? I am older than these dudes. I listened to Fugazi. My old band, Distortion Felix, opened up for ATDI but I only saw a couple of songs. That is my experience w their old band. Sorry...
I've always been facisinated with the concept of TMV's live improvisation. I was wondering how does the structure of the band's live improv work? Is it just like in jazz where each musician takes a chorus or two? When we would jam, it would just take shape by someone's lead. If the drums took the lead, everyone follows. Sometimes it would be the bass or the guitar or the vocal.
Also, the question on everybody's minds - What the hell is the time signature in Cygnus? What part of Cygnus? The end part is in 5/4.
So who/what are you listening to lately? I love St Vincent. I also love Nippsy Hustle. The Horrors record was worn out. YG got some stuff. James Blake.
Do you strive to stay sober while performing? Back in 07' before a show I offered you a hit of my joint which you declined, but Marcel saw that and took your place gladly. I get my drink on. Weed spooks me. I am good with champagne. Fans in Europe bring me bottles!
What's the future looking like for Big Sir? Anything you've learned from collaborating with Lisa? Big Sir has two shows coming up. One this month at the Bootleg Theater and one next month at the Echoplex.
Lisa and I were meant to do music together. Wish we had met in the 80's. We would have sounded like Sparks meets Joy Division.
Thomas Pridgen once said in an interview that he thought he was recording for a new TMV album when in reality it was for Omar's album Xenophanes. How often had it happened to you that you were recording with Omar, not aware where you part would actually be used? You just record with Omar. Who cares where it ends up? It is all great.
Sup Juan, I was just curious if you got to play with Zach Hill while recording Cryptomnesia. If so how is playing with him? He is a superb drummer in my eyes. He is the shit. Another true artist. Doesnt give a fuck about money when he sits behind the kit. He just wants it to be great. And of course I got to play with him. We were all in a room, jamming...Omar was behind the panels a lot but it was Zach, me and Jonathan. We would jam out Omar's parts and getting them tight. It was a blast. Zach and I would go off in between takes.
I know you haven't been with TMV from the very beginning (and I'm really sorry if I'm beating a dead horse by asking this), but do you think that drug usage has affected your bandmates' musical style/writing? Would it all have come out the same without drugs involved? What was it like working with a crazy shredder like Paul Gilbert? Good bass playing and a solid rhythm section are the backbone of any band. Has your approach to playing with TMV changed with each subsequent drummer? With TMV, it seems like such a wide array of musicians playing at the same time would end in disaster, especially in a setting where you guys jam in concert. Just as a rough estimate, could you give me a ratio of how just much of The Mars Volta's show is improvised v.s. planned beforehand? (Is it 50% improv, 50% planned? 30% improv, 70% planned? etc.) Again, with such a large group, it seems like the sound engineer would have his hands full. Where/when was your worst experience with a live audio technician? How the hell did you come up with the Blutraush (Smooth Interlude) bassline? Do you just fiddle around with some notes until you've got something that sounds really good, or do you use your musical training? (no disrespect, it just boggles my mind how you consistently manage to come up with what seem, to me, like really unorthodox, oddly-constructed basslines) Just how much of The Mars Volta's songwriting process is controlled by Omar? I know he has written most-to-everything in the band's repertoire, but are the rest of the band basically session musicians or are you given at least "some" room for creativity in the songwriting/recording process? Paul is the best teacher when you are in a band with him. He helped me become a better musician...and a faster one!
You've played jazz, speed metal, prog, hard rock, psychadelic, fusion, and a multitude of other genres. What would you say is your favorite style of music to play? And if it's different, do you have a favorite style of music to listen to? It changes, for sure. Jon and I had a lot of soul. D just confounds me with his talents. I played fast w Thomas. Dave made me hit harder because he hits so damn hard.
Have you considered a podcast to accompany your awesome new website? I will do podcasts in the future!
What advice (from an artists perspective) would you give a young person attempting to start their own independent label/media company. Stay true to your vision and work with people you like as human beings.
What program did Big Sir use to produce Before Gardens After Gardens (my favorite album of the year so far)? What was your production process in general? Logic. I would write music and send it to Lisa and then we decided whether to cut it in a band situation or keep it electronic.
Does pedalsandeffects.com need any help with writing, production, management, or moderation? If so, where could one send in a resumé for consideration? Sure could. I need help editing my videos!
I can't stress enough how much I look up to you. Young Chicanos need more role models like you. Lots of love and respect from North East Los Angeles. North East? I live in HP!
Is it true Ikey was fired because of his habits? Hell no. He had some conflicts in his scheduling and then it all just naturally evolved into what it is today. Ikey is awesome. I miss dinners with him.
Also, I know you're probably not in charge of it but is there any specific reason that of all the old songs TMV have only played The Widow and Goliath on the latest tour? Nothing against them but there are lots of other great songs in TMV's vast catalogue. Rep that new record!
What have been some of the biggest challenges in setting up and now maintaining your pedals and effects website? Tel Aviv...going to places for the first time. Berlin show was awesome. The ORLG show in Barcelona was the best ORLG show I have ever been a part of.
Who is your favorite band to perform with? TMV.
What is your all time favorite piece of gear? My fretless.
Who's your biggest influence as a bassist? Jaco.
A followup, mainly because he's my drum teacher. How did you like Blake Fleming as the drummer for TMV? I love playing with Deantoni because he lights the stage on fire. He has so many ideas and I could just watch him forever. I did lock with Jon very well because we came up on the same music. It was pretty easy to jam w Jon...still is.
Blake was in his prime in Laddio Bolocko and Dazzling Killmen. Look up those youtubes. (I butchered the spelling of those names.)
I have so many questions but I'll try not to be too selfish... Are you working on new Vato Negro (or did it kinda just morph into ORLG)? How about Big Sir? Yes, I am working on a new Vato Negro record. Not sure what will happen to the D, Omar, Juan collaboration.
Big fan Juan, I've seen you perform six times I think, always top notch! Cool videos on Pedals and Effects too. Lisa and I have something up our sleeves that will shock some people.
Is your working relationship any different playing over Deantoni instead of Pridgen on record? theyre both incredible drummers but with very different styles so I was just wondering if - as a bassist - it makes that much of a difference? D is so damn fun... He has endless ideas and always outdoes his previous performance. He is the greatest.
Also, did you ever see yourself in a position where you would create a sustainable lifestyle through art, or were you always apprehensive about relying on music for regular income? Both. I knew I could do it but I have had my doubts and I have had other interests. Life is too short for one profession.
Which Mars Volta album are you most proud of, relative to your contribution to said album? FTM.
Relatedly, what kind of general direction would you be eager for the next Mars Volta record to go in? The more experimental, improvisational aspect of an album such as Frances the Mute, or the more controlled frenetic chaos of Bedlam or Nocturniquet? Been answered...
How surreal of an experience was it when you first played in giant venues like Madison Square Garden to thousands of people? I like smaller venues. Bigger venues and festivals are too much a shit storm.
Does your polycythemia ever affect your ability to play live/cause issues prior to concerts? It hasnt yet!
Which band is the best live band you've ever seen? Van Halen in 1979 and U2 on their first tour in the US. A lot has to do with how young I was.
Hi Juan. Miles here (from Bristol/London). Hope you're well. Been rocking some Vato Negro today. Any plans to tour Vato again? P.S. Will try and catch up with you in London again (assuming your doing the Omar tour in Oct)? If there is an offer, it will happen.
And no, I will not be with ORLG this time around.
The new website is a great idea! It's helped me learn a lot more about pedals (I've never really experimented with them until recently). Is there one pedal you could not live without? Boss CS-2.
One question fans are dying to know.... Did The Mars Volta really play their last show in London? No.
Hi Juan, your twitter friend and fellow bassist Matt here. What do you do to warm up before playing finger style? Your alacrity and dexterity is amazing. It is a skill I personally am always looking to improve upon :) Get your heart rate up. Run up stairs or do pushups.
How willingly do you talk about the Bedlam In Goliath album and all the problems making that album? I am willing.
I just know that the employees at Ocean Way remember our yelling session in the back of the studio. They had someone come tell us that we were bothering other artists recording there because of the yelling.
Hey Juan! Thanks for doing this. I'm a huge fan and follow your site. Was wondering if there are any plans for Big Sir to tour in the future? Mainly the east coast. I would love to. Lisa too. There just hasnt been an offer.
Juan you are an inspiration! Is there anything you can tell us about LP 7? I hope it comes soon!
Who is your favorite hip-hop artist/group of all time? PE #1.
Hey Juan, thanks for doing this AMA. For the Noctourniquet release, if you remember a few fans made a unofficial promo video to get the word out about the album, I was one of the guys who did some 3d graphics for that. What do/did you guys think about that sort of street level promotion for your band? Is it something you'd like to see more of in the future? I dig it and I think it is the future. Keep it up!
Do you prefer a bassline that goes "boo boo boo" or a bassline that goes "buu buu buu"? Player of 13 years looking for some direction, thanks! No...dooo dooo doo...
In the omar roderiquez lopez group do you guys play with Click tracks/in-ear metronomes? because some of those songs are just impossible to do without losing the tempo, same goes for Mars volta. Anyways, big fan hope to see you in The Netherlands soon? No. never.
Has anyone told you you look like Oscar from The Office? Some fan has. Don't all us Latinos look the same?
One of the reasons I first got into Can was because of Please Heat This Eventually. I bought the record and the turntable was on the wrong speed and it was wayyy slowed down and Damo Suzuki sounded like a monster. I was immediately intrigued and have been a huge Can fan ever since. How was working with Damo? Is he a strange person? What was his impact on the group? I only performed live with him. He is from another planet. I never knew what he was going to do. I was just hoping he was feeling it.
What is your favorite strand of herb? who smokes the most in the band? Not a big herb dude.
TMV has had multiple amazing drummers. What was it like to work with Jon, Blake, Thomas, and now Deantoni? Is there something that each drummer was able to do that the others couldn't? Jon was great for grooves that I was familiar with. He really plays a great Bonham as well as Afro beat stuff.
Deantoni plays beats from the future. No one matches his talents right now...no one. He is on fire.
Blakes days pre TMV are good. Hit him on youTube.
Thomas plays fast.
What do you do with bass that you think is unique to you? (i play my bass a style that i have yet to hear anyone else play and want to know if it is me or if everyone has "their thing") I think I like that it all comes from us with hip hop, soul music, funk music, dance music. Music I listen to the most comes from a great bass line.
I was just wondering, what is the one place in the world that made a huge impression on you? since you've toured a lot, i'm sure you've seen lots of interesting places, but there's got to be one place that sticks out as unique. I would say Mexico City. It was the most intense shows and I felt different there. Like I had been there before but I had not.
What was the most harrowing/discouraging part of your path to a fulfilling musical career and what drove you through it? Being broke and not knowing if I should continue. I started to play fretless for real and that got me through it. When you are stalled, take on a new approach to music. It will work out.
What 's your favourite Joy Division song? She's Lost Control.
What drugs do you do? Hydroxurea for my blood condition. 2 baby aspirin every day to keep my blood thin.
I bet you are tripping balls. No, actually the medication is a form of Chemotherapy. Sometimes it makes my skin burn and sometimes it makes my skin itch. I get blurry vision at times. The baby aspirin is a blood thinner to keep my blood from clotting which keeps me from a getting a stroke.
Juan! Muchas gracias para la AMA! Me gusta todo de tu trabajo con Racer X y el Mars Volta. Como se fue tu relaciones con los otros miembros del Racer X? Hablamos con Paul Gilbert? Muchas gracias para tu musica! Si. Pablo Gilberto es mi amigo por vida.
Do you tune to standard 440? Have you ever heard of cymatics in relation to using an alternate 432hz tuning? Is this something Mars Volta would ever experiment with? TMV is standard tuning.
Never heard of that.
Juan,thank you for all the inspiring music through the years,you are an important influence on me as a writer and as a player.Seeing you in Lisbon was so inspiring,next time come to Porto ,please. I would like to ask you what do you think about Trevor Dunn and in your opinion (apart from Jonathan Hiscke),what are some of the most innovative and alternative bassists in the last 20 years? Cheers. I know nothing about Trevor except that these bookers from Croatia booked his trio and they were touring by train with an upright bass and all their own gear. Punk!
Hey Juan! Just a quick question: back in 2009 TMV were playing 2h30 sets almost every show. Why were the shows on the Noctourniquet tour here in Europe so short? (about 80mins) O question.
Hey there, my question is: are titles of the songs rather titles of the musical compositions or titles of lyrics? C question.
As a bass player and a pedal/effect aficionado... What is your favourite bass effect, and what pedal could you not live without? Subs at the moment but it always changes. Boss CS-2.
Could you tell us the story of how you met Omar and got involved with The Mars Volta. Thanks for reaching out to your fans like this! Omar called me from Europe while they were on the first part of the Deloused tour in 03. I was at my desk job and he left a message. The next time he called, he said Manny from Distortion Felix sold him and Cedric on the idea of using me in their band.
I didnt meet him until my first audition with him and Jon. He was nice but stand off ish. Jon was cool but Henry, Omar's tech, started to play Scarified on Omar's guitar and I knew then it could be really cool.
As far as a question I really wanted to know what it was like working with John Frusciante and for that matter how it was going on tour with the RHCP as a whole. John is the one take wonder. He is so damn funky and solid. Everyone should be so lucky to record with him. A true inspiration and a true artist. I love touring with RHCP. Flea is always so generous to me. Chad and I go way back to the 80's. He used to hang with my East LA friends back then. I jammed with him at some East LA club ... we did Fire by Hendrix at 200 bpm!
Yes. I have skated since 76. I used to get Skateboard magazine when it first came out. We still are known to bring decks out on tour. Punk and skate run together. Not affected my playing or career at all. Bad Brains. Depends on the era. When we would just run Cicatriz, 80% was improvised. I would say now, 15% is improvised.. All our guys have been pro. Matt Bittman is our guy now and he kills it. There was a Jeff Berlin bass line I liked and I kind of bit elements of it and added it to the fretless. I answered that question a couple of times. Just scroll through. I love new wave and soul music. I would say hip hop is my favorite genre to listen to. Cedric put on a horse head on time. He is funny as shit.
I met them after all that. They are doing well.
Paul is the best teacher when you are in a band with him. He helped me become a better musician...and a faster one!
It changes, for sure. Jon and I had a lot of soul. D just confounds me with his talents. I played fast w Thomas. Dave made me hit harder because he hits so damn hard.
Last updated: 2012-08-06 02:55 UTC
This post was generated by a robot! Send all complaints to epsy.
submitted by tabledresser to tabled [link] [comments]

Last kilometer - Stage 13 - Tour de France 2019 Best of - Tour de France 2019 - YouTube Tour de France 2019 Preview: Contenders, Favorites and ... Tour De France 2020 Stage 15 Betting Preview - YouTube Sports Bet Daily - YouTube

> Tour de France Odds, Picks, and Best Bets for Stage 16 – Sep. 15th Tour de France Odds, Picks, and Best Bets for Stage 16 – Sep. 15th By Dave F. in News — September 14, 2020 1:27 PM PDT Tour de France Betting Odds. View all available outright and match odds, plus get news, tips, free bets and money-back offers. All you need to bet. Tour de France 2020 Betting Tips & Predictions. Starting later than normal, the 2020 Tour De France will follow the same route as originally planned, ending in Paris on 20th September. This year’s 21 stage route promises to be more testing on the riders than 2019 when the race came under criticism for its touristy nature. Tour De France 2020 - Stage Winner options: betting statistics. The total amount matched on Tour De France 2020 - Stage Winner options so far is £63,822. The total number of runners in Tour De France 2020 - Stage Winner is 158, and you can back or lay 157 of them. Stage 15 is what the Tour de France is all about. A testing mountain stage where the cream rises to the top. With an off day on Monday, anybody who is going to take a run at Roglic is likely to give it a shot on Sunday. GC candidates are among the top contenders to win the stage, which seems reasonable. 2020 Tour de France Stage 15 Odds

[index] [34124] [34410] [56796] [8214] [49585] [31828] [66429] [33229] [58707] [25496]

Last kilometer - Stage 13 - Tour de France 2019

Bob Roll and Steve Schlanger give you everything you need to know ahead of the 2019 Tour de France. #NBCSports #TourdeFrance #TDF2019 » Subscribe to NBC Spor... From Saturday 6th of July to Sunday 28th of July 2019, the 106th Tour de France includes 21 stages for a total length of 3 460 kilometers. Stage 13 - (Pau / Pau) More information on Continental ... The 2019 Tour de France is just around the corner and we have all the key stages covered, analyse the favourites to take the yellow jersey as well as predict... From Saturday 6th of July to Sunday 28th of July 2019, the 106th Tour de France includes 21 stages for a total length of 3 460 kilometers. BERNAL Egan is the... Brent Graham from Goodforthegame previews every stage of the 2020 Tour de France from a betting angle Sign up for our Tour de France Newsletter here https://...

https://forex-viethnam.miningftw.pw